10g is Oracle's grid computing product group including (among other things) a database management system (DBMS) and an application server. In addition to supporting grid computing features such as resource sharing and automatic load balancing, 10g products automate many database management tasks. The Real Application Cluster (RAC) component makes it possible to install a database over multiple servers.
10g follows Oracle's 9i platform. Oracle says that the g (instead of the expected i) in the name symbolizes the company's commitment to the grid model. However, according to some reports, many early adopters are deploying 10g solely for its automation features and have no immediate plans of implementing a grid environment.