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# Durations calculated from two rows

I am trying to calculate the duration of an event. The start of the event is one row in a table and the end of...

the event is another row (later or lower in the table). An event starts when a device, A, records an alarm entry, "Comm", with a severity-of-5. The event is over when the same device records the same alarm with a severity of 1.

Here is my data set:

```edate   dev alarm  severity
11:06AM  A  Comm     5
11:07AM  B  Standby  5
11:08AM  C  Comm     5
11:16AM  A  Comm     1
11:27AM  C  Comm     1
11:28AM  A  Standby  5
11:37AM  B  Standby  1
11:45AM  B  Comm     5
11:45AM  C  Standby  5
11:46AM  A  Standby  1
12:05PM  B  Comm     1
12:06PM  C  Standby  1```

This is what I would like to have as a result:

```dev alarm   start    end
A  Comm    11:06AM 11:16AM
B  Standby 11:07AM 11:37AM
C  Comm    11:08AM 11:27AM
A  Standby 11:28AM 11:46AM
B  Comm    11:45AM 12:05PM
C  Standby 11:45AM 12:06PM```

This requires a self-join with a condition:

```select t1.dev
, t1.alarm
, t1.edate as start
, t2.edate as "end"
from events as t1
inner
join events as t2
on t1.dev   = t2.dev
and t1.alarm = t2.alarm
and t2.edate =
( select min(edate)
from events
where dev      = t1.dev
and alarm    = t1.alarm
and severity = 1
and edate    > t1.edate )
where t1.severity = 5```

The reason you need the MIN subquery is in case there is more than one set of start/end pairs for each device.

This was last published in March 2005

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