d. ASPI driver
Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an application program interface (API) specification for connecting programs written in Java to the data in popular databases. The application program interface lets you encode access request statements in Structured Query Language (SQL) that are then passed to the program that manages the database. It returns the results through a similar interface.
A JDBC driver is needed for a Java application to communicate with a database using JDBC. JDBC drivers are categorized into four types:
Type 1: JDBC-ODBC bridge
Type 2: Native API driver
Type 3: JDBC Network-protocol driver
Type 4: Native protocol (100% Java driver)
For More Information
White paper: Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) drivers
White paper: Developing JDBC servlet applications
Best Web Links: Java, J2EE
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