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Bioinformatics was used most noticeably in the Human Genome Project, the effort to identify the genes in human DNA. The International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium published the first draft of the human genome in 2001. The full sequence was completed and published in April 2003 in the journal Nature.
New academic programs are training students in bioinformatics by providing them with backgrounds in molecular biology, engineering, ethics and computer science, including database design and analytical approaches to data mining.
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- The official Web site for Human Genome Project Information in the U.S. provides a good definition of "genome" and the purposes of the project.
- The European Bioinformatics Institute near Cambridge, UK, maintains several searchable bioinformatics databases.