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# Rows with consecutive dates

I have to write a query to select the employees who have not been absent for more than two consecutive days in...

a given year. The table contains employee number and the date the employee was absent on. How can I do this?

Your table probably looks something like this:

```empabsences
empno dateabsent
1   2003-01-01
1   2003-02-28
1   2003-03-01
1   2003-03-02
1   2003-03-03
3   2003-03-01
3   2003-03-02
3   2003-03-03
4   2003-03-04
5   2003-01-05
5   2003-01-06
5   2003-01-08
5   2003-01-09
5   2003-01-10
8   2003-01-08```

Employees absent for any three consecutive days can be found as follows (the DATEADD function is Microsoft Access syntax, so you'll want to adjust this for whatever database you're using):

```select empno, dateabsent
from empabsences  X
where exists
( select 1 from empabsences
where empno = X.empno
and dateabsent
and exists
( select 1 from empabsences
where empno = X.empno
and dateabsent

The results of this query for the given sample data are:

```empno dateabsent
1   2003-03-02
1   2003-03-03
3   2003-03-03
5   2003-01-10```

This identifies all occurrences of the third consecutive day absent. Notice that employee 1 was absent 4 consecutive days, and that both the 3rd and 4th are reported.

The problem was to report employees who weren't absent any three consecutive days, so we need a query on the main employee table. Remove dateabsent from the above query, add DISTINCT so that it returns unique empno values, and place it into a NOT IN subselect within an outer query on the employee table:

```select empno
from employees
where empno not in
( select distinct empno
from empabsences  X
where exists
( select 1 from empabsences
where empno = X.empno
and dateabsent
and exists
( select 1 from empabsences
where empno = X.empno
and dateabsent
)```

This was last published in April 2003

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