I have a problem opening the database because I accidentally deleted one of my datafiles from a tablespace which...
contains two datafiles. An Oracle database will not open unless all of the database datafiles can be found. Since you deleted these datafiles, you cannot open the database without some work.
If you have a backup of the database, and I hope you do, then restore the missing datafiles from the backup. If you only have a cold backup and you are not running in Archive Mode, then you will have to restore the entire database and you will lose any changes since that backup was taken. If you are running in Archive Mode, then restore just the missing datafiles and then perform the following:
STARTUP MOUNT RECOVER DATABASE; ALTER DATABASE OPEN;
If you do not have a backup, then you have lost all of the data in these datafiles. To open the database, perform the following actions:
STARTUP MOUNT ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE '/directory/filename' OFFLINE DROP; do the above for all of your missing datafiles ALTER DATABASE OPEN;
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