Q

Fetching rows from trees

I have a problem. The data in a table is stored in the form of a tree. Is there a way I can fetch all the rows for a given part. The part may have sub parts which in turn have subparts. This can go up to any level.

Oracle will let you do this with native SQL by using the CONNECT BY clause of your SELECT statement. For instance, assume I have the following table:

ORA9I SQL> select * from family;

NAME       MOTHER     FATHER
---------- ---------- ----------
adam
eve
susan
bob        eve        adam
janet      susan      
josh       janet      bob

6 rows selected.
In this case, we can see the parents of the children. To see a tree output of this "family", we'll use a query as such:
ORA9I SQL> select lpad(' ',6*(level-1))||name as name
  2  from family
  3  start with mother is null
  4  connect by mother=prior name;

NAME
-----------
adam
eve
      bob
susan
      janet
            josh

6 rows selected.
The START WITH clause tells us which root node to start with. The CONNECT BY clause tells us how to define our tree connections. The LEVEL keyword is just a way of denoting which level we are in the tree. Hopefully, CONNECT BY can give you the output you seek.

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This was first published in May 2002

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