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Errors logging on as SYS in Oracle 9i

When I try to log on as SYS, I get error ORA-28009. When I go to the EMC console, I see that SYS has no alter rights (Tables.Profiles etc.). When I try to give it permissions to these roles, I get an ORA-00604 reclusive SQL level 1 error and ORA-06553 Package Standard not available error. How can I fix the SYS user so it can alter, drop procedures and tables ?

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The ORA-28009 error is a new error for Oracle 9i. Beginning with Oracle 9i, when you sign on as SYS, you must sign on with SYSDBA privileges. In SQL*Plus, you do that as follows:

sqlplus /nolog
connect sys as sysdba

Beginning with Oracle 9i, you cannot sign on to the SYS account without also specifying the SYSDBA privilege. Failure to do so results in the ORA-28009 error. Sign on appropriately, and you should have no problems with the SYS account.


This was first published in September 2004

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