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I have tried installing Oracle 10g on Suse 9.1 Professional several times. Although I have tried to carefully follow the instructions in the installation guide, I get the following error. When the Database Configuration Assistant starts during the initial installation, I receive the error, "Ora-01031: Insufficient Privileges." I created the oinstall and dba group according to the installation guide and made oracle a member with oinstall being the primary group. I also ran "chown -R oracle:oinstall" on the Oracle_Base folder to which I want to install the software and oradata files. Similarly, I ran "chmod -R 775" on that folder. During the install I ran the script "oracle_base/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh" during the installation when prompted.
Sounds like the steps you're running are just fine and would address many privilege issues. However, the ORA-1031 error is a database privilege issue and would not be affected by OS permissions. It isn't clear to me at which point you're seeing this error, but since it's an ORA- error, it must be far enough into the process for a database to have been created and running. The ORA-1031 is not an indication of any OS prerequisites being missed, so I'd start focusing on the installer's logfile. It should be in $ORACLE_BASE/oraInventory/logs.