Can one do a cold backup using RMAN?

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RMAN can perform a cold backup. My RMAN script to perform a cold backup looks similar to the following:
run {
# Shutdown database for backups and put into MOUNT mode
shutdown immediate
startup mount
# Allocate channel. Important: This must be done after
# database has been mounted!!!
allocate channel t1;
# Perform full database backup
backup full format "%d_FULL_%U" (database) ;
# Open database after backup complete
sql 'alter database open'; 
backup current controlfile;
sql 'ALTER DATABASE BACKUP CONTROLFILE TO TRACE';
release channel t1;
}

In the script, I have RMAN perform the SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE. RMAN does require that the database be in at least MOUNT mode for the backup to occur, but this is still a cold backup. After the database is backed up, RMAN opens the database for business.

This was first published in May 2004

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